The World Bank launched the Climate-Smart Mining Facility, the first-ever fund dedicated to making mining for minerals climate-smart and sustainable.
|World Bank strives to make mining climate-smart and sustainable|
The Facility will support the sustainable extraction and processing of minerals and metals used in clean energy technologies, such as wind, solar power, and batteries for energy storage and electric vehicles. It focuses on helping resource-rich developing countries benefit from the increasing demand for minerals and metals, while ensuring the mining sector is managed in a way that minimises the environmental and climate footprint.
The Facility evolves out of a World Bank report “The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low-Carbon Future”, which found that a low-carbon future will be significantly more mineral intensive than a business as usual scenario.
Global demand for ‘strategic minerals’ such as lithium, graphite and nickel will skyrocket by 965 per cent, 383 per cent and 108 per cent respectively by 2050.* While the growing demand for minerals and metals offers an opportunity for mineral-rich developing countries, it also represents a challenge: without climate-smart mining practices, the negative impacts from mining activities will increase, affecting vulnerable communities and environment.
The multi-donor trust fund will work with developing countries and emerging economies to implement sustainable and responsible strategies and practices across the mineral value chain. Partners include the German government and private sector companies, Rio Tinto and Anglo American. The Facility will also assist governments to build a robust policy, regulatory and legal framework that promotes climate-smart mining and creates an enabling environment for private capital.
Projects may include supporting the integration of renewable energy into mining operations; supporting the strategic use of geological data for a better understanding of ‘strategic mineral’ endowments; forest-smart mining, that is, preventing deforestation and supporting sustainable land-use practices or repurposing mine sites; and recycling of minerals by supporting developing countries to take a circular economy approach and reuse minerals in a way that respects the environment.
“The World Bank supports a low-carbon transition where mining is climate-smart and value chains are sustainable and green. Developing countries can play a leading role in this transition: developing strategic minerals in a way that respects communities, ecosystems and the environment,” commented Riccardo Puliti, Senior Director and Head of the Energy and Extractives Global Practice at the World Bank.
“Countries with strategic minerals have a real opportunity to benefit from the global shift to clean energy.”
The World Bank is targeting a total investment of US$50 million, to be deployed over a 5-year timeframe. The Facility will focus on activities around four core themes: climate change mitigation; climate change adaptation; reducing material impacts and creating market opportunities, contributing to the decarbonisation and reduction of material impacts along the supply chain of critical minerals needed for clean energy technologies.
Rio Tinto chief executive J-S Jacques said that the transition to clean energy solutions presents both a significant opportunity and responsibility for the mining industry, as it provides the materials that make these technologies possible.
“We want to be part of the solution on climate change and the best solutions will come from innovative partnerships across competitors, governments and institutions. Our collaboration with the World Bank and many others is aimed at making a real difference by promoting sustainable practices across our industry. We look forward to supporting the Climate-Smart Mining Facility by contributing not just funding but also expertise as a leader in sustainable mining practices.”
*The World Bank’s are based upon the assumption that countries will implement the Paris Agreement and reduce emissions to keep global warming below 2 degrees. In a 1.5 degree scenario, global demand for strategic minerals would increase even more by 2050. Source: World Bank report to be published in 2019.
*Article published in the July-September 2019 issue of The Asia Miner