MRA technology delivers improved capacity, profitability and safety
|Automation technology enables operators to consistently load train wagons.|
THE reliability and efficiency of the train load out process at coal mines can be a ‘make or break’ when it comes to meeting production timelines and profitability. Train loading stations are often considered a bottleneck as they are typically operated manually resulting in variable performance, wagon over or under loading and poor reliability. As a result, companies often face heavy fines and in some cases substantial costs to obtain additional trains to meet required throughput.
MRA Electrical & Automation Engineering was involved in the first automation of a train load out (TLO) in Australia more than 15 years ago and, as such, the company has a detailed understanding of the systems required.
At that time there were limitations in the technology that resulted in some shortcomings of the systems, which culminated in issues with accuracy and environmental conditions. To address this, MRA conducted extensive research and development, using the latest technologies to overcome the shortfalls and develop an efficient and reliable automated TLO solution.
Anglo American is the world’s third largest exporter of metallurgical coal. The company uses the latest technology to run operations in the best possible way and strive for continuous improvement at existing assets.
When Anglo American tasked MRA with automating the TLO process at German Creek coal mines in Central Queensland, the result exceeded expectations and provided an intelligent and intuitive system that not only improved efficiency and reliability but also delivered a state of the art solution with an unrivalled return on investment.
Clever control technology
Initially MRA primarily investigated vision based systems but were subject to accuracy issues as a result of changing environmental and weather factors such as sun, rain and fog. As laser and sensing technologies advanced, they provided a more reliable alternative that is not as vulnerable to the effects of these often harsh mining environments.
MRA general manager Stephen Mount said, “We built the robust automated TLO system on the fundamentals of train speed and position to improve the accuracy of the process. The raw data is filtered and moved into our system to perform the correct analysis to overcome any issues with environmental conditions.”
There are three major components to the system - the sensors in the field, the laser scanners and RFID tag reader; the second is the PC-based server that performs all the filtering and analysis of data prior to communicating to the PLC, the third component.
“The system architecture of this TLO demonstrates the power of the ControlLogix platform for data processing and integration as well as control,” said Rockwell Automation mining industry manager Geoff Irvine.
The Allen-Bradley® ControlLogix® PLC is programmed to provide centralised control for the entire TLO process. The MRA system has been engineered to integrate seamlessly with the controller via Ethernet/IP communications using point to point networking via a Stratix™ switch.
“We incorporate as much functionality as possible inside the Logix controller which delivers unmatched fault-finding capabilities and advanced integration between the PC and controller,” explained MRA engineering manager Peter McPherson.
“Laser sensors detect information about the wagon location that is communicated to the Logix controller. Also, information about coal profiling is concurrently fed back to the controller which is programmed to analyse this information and provide advanced feedback control of the TLO process in real time.”
|The automated TLO is monitored from the central control room.|
Prior to automation of the TLO process, operators were only able to load wagons based on the tools at their disposal. However, significant advancements in automation technology have enabled operators to consistently load wagons with uniform and symmetric profiles to meet coal height and bogie loading requirements.
“There are substantial penalties involved if a train is not loaded correctly with the right profile over the bogies. Overloading results in significant penalties but there is also an issue with under loading as each wagon loses capacity, which directly impacts on efficiency and profitability, but also entails a safety issue and risk of derailment. Reducing weight variations to optimise the amount of coal loaded per train is the ultimate goal in automating the TLO,” explained Stephen Mount.
Considering variables such as operator fatigue, time of day and environmental conditions presented challenges for MRA in developing the automated TLO system. To address this, MRA’s solution was developed to use predictive modelling and advanced filtering methods to compensate for aberrations in raw data and allow for environmental compensation through scanning methods and adaptive software.
The Logix controller provides the platform for feedback control and real time output of data through Ethernet/IP communications. This use of smart technology with self-diagnostics and alarming provides an intelligent and intuitive system that removes the guesswork for operators. By automating the TLO, the operator performs a supervisory role either from the TLO or a central control room during loading to monitor the system.
Anglo American’s Capcoal Control System coordinator Anthony Manousso said, “When you automate a process, you have to consider all variables in the design and commissioning phase. We did that and the way the system is running now the operators can sit in the control room and monitor the process. The operator interface is easy to use so training requirements are minimal.”
|Automating the TLO process delivers improved capacity, profitability and safety at Anglo American’s German Creek mine.|
When it comes to a TLO, time is money and therefore any amount of time that the system is down has direct impact on profitability. One of the features of MRA’s TLO system is that the outage time for installation is minimal. “It took less than a day’s downtime to go from the existing system at German Creek to the new automated TLO. The bulk of our commissioning is done remotely by accessing the PLC online to make any required changes, which saves significant costs with no need to go to site,” said Peter McPherson.
“Once the scanners are installed prior to the cutover we record live data from the site and undertake detailed simulation prior to installation to make sure it’s working as per the specification. This reduces not only the commissioning time but also the need to delay trains post installation.”
Return on investment
|The TLO is an integral part of the pit to port operation. Post upgrade, the TLO is now averaging 10,000 tonnes per train.|
Having been in operation for approximately three years, German Creek has recorded real time results indicating a return on investment of less than four months for the TLO automation system.
Prior to the upgrade, the TLO was consistently achieving average payloads in the order of 9100 to 9300 tonnes per train. Post upgrade, the subjected TLO is now averaging 10,000 tonnes. “With a monthly average increase of approximately 700 tonnes per train, based on 40 trains per month, this equates to significant efficiency returns,” said Stephen Mount.
Automating the TLO also provides significant benefits in terms of improved safety by reducing the risk of derailment from under loading, which can also have detrimental environmental effects resulting from spillage. In addition, automation removes operators from potentially hazardous situations and fatigue issues can be avoided.
“The coding that MRA developed within the ControlLogix PLC is extremely efficient and reliable. We are now using it for 98% of loading with only 2% being loaded manually as a result of external factors. This TLO system is an integral part of our pit to port operation - the end goal is to make sure our trains are fully loaded,” explained Anthony Manousso.
Rockwell Automation Australia and Rockwell Automation New Zealand are subsidiaries of Rockwell Automation, Inc - a leading global provider of industrial automation and information solutions that help manufacturers achieve a competitive advantage. The company brings together leading global brands in industrial automation, including Allen-Bradley® controls & services and Rockwell Software® factory management software. Its broad product mix includes control logic systems, sensors, human-machine interfaces, drive controllers, power devices, and software.